A website is a collection of web pages that are linked together and accessed through the internet. Websites can serve a variety of purposes, such as providing information, selling products or services, sharing media content, or hosting online communities.
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the standard language used to create and structure the content of websites. Understanding HTML is essential for anyone looking to create or modify websites.
Here are some key concepts related to websites in HTML:
HTML tags – HTML uses tags to define the elements that make up a web page, such as headings, paragraphs, images, links, and forms. Tags are enclosed in angled brackets (< >) and often come in pairs, with an opening tag that begins the element and a closing tag that ends it.
Elements – Elements are the building blocks of a web page and consist of a combination of HTML tags and their contents. For example, a paragraph element might be created using a <p> opening tag and a </p> closing tag, with the text content of the paragraph placed between them.
Attributes – HTML tags can also include attributes, which provide extra information about the element. For example, the <img> tag for an image might include attributes like “src” to specify the source file location and “alt” to provide alternative text for screen readers.
Document structure – HTML documents follow a specific structure that includes a doctype declaration, the HTML tag, the head section containing metadata like title and links to stylesheets, and the body section containing the actual content of the web page.
Links – HTML allows for the creation of links between different web pages, either within the same website or to external sites. Links are created using the <a> tag and include the URL or file path of the target page.
Forms – HTML also allows for the creation of forms, which enable users to submit data or interact with web applications. Forms are created using the <form> tag and can include various types of input elements like text fields, checkboxes, and radio buttons.
Overall, HTML provides a powerful and flexible language for creating websites that are both functional and visually appealing. By understanding the fundamentals of HTML tags, elements, attributes, document structure, links, and forms, anyone can create or modify web pages to suit their needs and goals.